Dr Kamal Hossain has played an active role in the political rights and civil rights movements in Bangladesh since the early sixties:
In 1969 he became a member of the Awami League and was invited to join the Party’s delegation to the Round Table Conference convened by General Ayub Khan
In 1970 he was elected to Parliament in Pakistan and again in 1973 to the Parliament in independent Bangladesh
In 1971 he participated in negotiations with Yahya Khan as a member of the Awami League team
In 1972 he was appointed Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs in the Government of Bangladesh and made chairperson of the Constitution Drafting Committee. The Constitution was adopted by Parliament in November 1972
In 1973 he was appointed Minister with portfolios of Foreign Affairs and Petroleum and Minerals
In 1975, he left the government after the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.